Kanchipuram (Kanchipuram)

Kanchipuram (Kanchipuram) – The city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is the ancient religious cultural center of South India. Population – 152 984 people (2001).

Kanchipuram is one of the seven sacred cities of India (Ayodhya, Varanasi, Rameshwaram, Kuruksetra, Mathura, Dwarak, Kanchipuram). Of these seven sacred cities, three are dedicated to Vishnu, three – Shiva, and Kanchipuram – they both.

Over the centuries, Kanchipuras was the capital of Tamil Dynasties Pallaw (from the beginning IV to the end of IX centuries.) and chola (in the IX-XIII centuries.) And many famous temples were built during their reign. He was the largest tutorial center Tamil and Sanskrit. It is here that Ramanuja and Bodhidharma studied in the city of scientists and philosophers.

Kanchipuras are called also "Silk City", Since the main occupation of local residents is weaving silk sari. More than 5,000 families in one degree or another are engaged in work in this industry.

Kanchipram – "City of thousands of temples" – It is famous for majestic gopurars (a high pyramid tower, towering over the entrance to the South Indian Temple), reflecting all the magnificence of Drabward Architecture.

Temple Kailasanatha, Dedicated to Shiva – the most ancient temple in the Kanchipram. Reflecting the early Dravid architecture, he was erected by the king of Pallavov – Rajasimha at the end of the VII century, and later reconstructed by his son – King Wormary III. The remaining fragments of frescoes of the VIII century give an idea of ​​how the originally built temple looked. Fifty-eight small temples are devoted to Shiva, Parvati and their sons Ganesh and Scande (Murugan). Also here, in Kailasanath, is the prismatic lingam – the largest in the city.

Kanchipuram (Kanchipuram)

Sri Ekabareshvar – dedicated to Shiva, one of the largest in the city. It occupies a territory in 12 hectares. Sixty meter gopuram tower, which is a decoration of the temple complex, as well as a massive outer stone wall were built in 1509 g. Krischevara – Emperor Vijayanagara. The name of the temple comes from Eka Amra Nathar, which means "Mr. mango tree". The old sacred mangy tree with 4 branches that personify the four Vedas are growing here. It is said that the fruits of each of the four branches are inherent in their special distinctive taste. Entrance to the temple is allowed only by the Hindus.

Kamakshi Amman Temple – Dedicated to the goddess of Parvati in the image of Kamakshi. On the territory of the temple complex is gopuram – Golden Tower with the figure of Kamakshi. Nearby – Kunda (holy water to perform ritual ablution), small temples Annapurna and Vishnu, as well as Murtei Shankaracharya. Entrance to the temple is allowed only by the Hindus. Every year in February-March, a grand festival of temple chariots is held. And in October-November celebrated the day of the phenomenon of the goddess Kamakshi.

Temple Devaradjasvami – Cola dynasty was built in 1053 and is dedicated to Vishnu. Located on the rock resembling an elephant. The feature of the temple is huge chains carved from solid stone that can be seen in every corner of the manda. Mandampis is an open columnal hall, usually located at the entrance to the temple, intended for official religious ceremonies, ritual dancing and music. In the temple pond, the deity of Attchigiri Varadar, carved from a special Tree Attha. This deity appears from the water once every 40 years and only 48 days after the full detention of the pond. The nearest ceremony will be held in 2019. On the western side of the pond there is a sanctuary of god Varahi (the incarnation of God Vishnu in the form of the Vepry). In the main building there is Varadaraj – a magnificent four-art deity height of 2 m.

Vaikuntha Perumal – The famous temple built by the Grand King of the Pallava dynasty – Parameshwar and his follower of Nandyward. At each of the three floors, the deities (Murthi), standing, squeezing and lying cherry installed. Entrance to the temple is allowed only by the Hindus.

Kanchipuram (Kanchipuram)

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