The climate in Urumchi is a sharp-continental, it is distinguished by great severity. The city is located in the lane of intra-projectal steppes and deserts. Middle Temperature July + 24 °C (75 ° F), January −16 ° C (3 ° F). Summer roast, dry, winter – cold, frosty, minor.
Urumqi is the main and almost the only large industrially developed city of Suar, providing 64.5&# 37; his gross regional product.
The population of the city according to 2002 was 2.081 million inhabitants. The population of Urumchi began to grow rapidly only since the late 1960s, when the mass government campaign for the resettlement of Chinese (Hantsev) from the eastern regions of the country was deployed in the region in the region, in order to integrate the region to the cultural and linguistic environment of the title people of the People’s Republic of China, which strongly resembled Soviet development programs Tsine Land of Central Asia and Kazakhstan.
Given the huge human potential of the PRC, this program succeeded even to a greater extent, and led to a significant change in the ethnic picture of the city and region. If before Urumchi was a small Uygur’s village, now it is a real Chinese megalopolis.
According to the results of the 2000 census in the modern ethnic composition of the city, the Chinese are absolutely dominated by the Chinese – 75.3&# 37; (1.567 million people), the largest minority in the city are Turkic-speaking Uigurs, however, they constitute only 12.8&# 37; city population (266 thousand. man), then follow Dungan (8.0&# 37; or 166 thousand.), Kazakhs (2.3&# 37; or 48 thousand. man), other 1.6&# 37; (33 thousand. people), among which there are Ohrats (Kalmyks); Including 2,603 Russians (0.13&# 37;) and 767 Tatars (0.04&# 37;).
Nevertheless, the ethnic composition of the city is atypic for suar in general, where the Uigurs make up 45.2&# 37;, Chinese 40.6&# 37;, Kazakhs 6.7&# 37;, Dungan 4.6&# 37;, Other 2.9&# 37;.
In a religious plan among residents of the city, the majority – atheists (mainly the Chinese), in second place to distribute Islam, professing Uigurs, Dunganians and Kazakhs (only about a quarter of the city’s population).
Significantly changed compared to the middle of the last century and the language situation: Chinese in the city absolutely prevails, without knowledge of which Turkic-speaking Uigur and Kazakhs are difficult to advance on the service staircase. It is representatives of these nationalities that feel disadvantaged in modern suar, because of what the radical Islamic currents for the freedom of suar and the way out of the PRC appear in Wigur.
However, most signs in the city of bilingualized – in Chinese and Uygur, performed by Chinese hieroglyphs, Arabic, and often Latin (Pinyin), especially on advertising signs. In Urumchi, several newspapers and magazines are also published on Kalmyk language, radio and telecasts work. Among foreign languages, Russian and English have the greatest distribution.
Residents of the city serves Urumqi Diouop International Airport.
The city is connected by the railway line with Kashgar (south-west direction). The city is also the largest transit point in the Lanzhou Xinjiang Railway, which is part of Almaty International Railway – Beijing.
Urumchi is located at the intersection of two highways of state values - Chinese national highways 312 and 314.